5 Different Types of DNA Testing Available in Australia

It rarely happens that you wake up one day and wonder if you belong in your family. It is also common to doubt whether your child is your own.

In such cases, the facilities for DNA testing Australia offers can come to your rescue. Knowing genetic truths can be a sensitive time in your life. However, using professional methods to resolve personal struggles is the best way to go about it.

If you’re questioning your paternity or want to know about your ancestors, science can help. Read on ahead to learn about Australia’s five standard DNA testing options.

1. Paternity Test

Wondering if you’re the father of your child? Here’s your answer.

One can conduct a paternity test to determine the biological father of a child. Paternity tests are usually done when the mother is unsure who the father is. Other cases include when a man wants to find out if he is the biological father of a child.

The results of a paternity test will show whether or not you are the biological father of your child. If you are not, you will have to take legal action for custody and visitation rights if you want them.

2. Relationship Test

Relationship DNA tests are an umbrella term for a range of different tests. These extend to members outside the parental window.

Here are the primary types of relationship tests-

  • Sibling DNA test: Helps determine whether the tested pair share a parent
  • Grandparents DNA test: Helps establish whether one is related to a supposed grandparent
  • Mitochondrial DNA test: Helps determine an individual’s matrilineage
  • Twin Zygosity DNA test: Helps establish whether twin children are identical or not

Next, you have the non-family spheres of DNA testing.

3. Immigration DNA Test

An immigration DNA test helps determine whether someone is eligible for naturalisation or citizenship status based on their lineage.

The NATA Accredited Laboratories carry out immigration DNA tests as directed by The Australian Immigration and Border Protection Department.

When applying for an Australian VISA, one may be required to take such a test. The tests can be used for various purposes, including:

  • Proving the relationship between an immigrant and their sponsor
  • Paternity or maternity testing
  • Proving biological relationships for immigration purposes or adoption

That’s not all. The options for DNA testing Australia are wide-ranging. 

4. Gene Health Test

This one’s a dear friend when it comes to prevention over cure.

Gene health testing is a diagnostic test that helps physicians diagnose diseases and other conditions. Healthcare professionals use gene testing to determine an individual’s genetic makeup.

This allows them to provide more accurate and personalised treatment options for their patients. It can also help determine a person’s risk of developing or passing on certain inherited disorders to their children or grandchildren.

Gene health DNA tests are becoming increasingly popular among individuals who wish to be cautious about their health.

And finally, let’s move on from humans and get to your favourite- animals.

5. Animal DNA Testing

Animal DNA testing is the process of analysing the DNA of an animal to determine its species. It is typically done by extracting and analysing genetic material from cells in tissue, hair, or other biological samples.

This comes in handy if you’re confused about your pet’s breed or want to know more about its history.

One can perform DNA testing on any animal, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish and insects. The tests you can perform on an animal depend on the cells available for testing.

Most DNA testing Australia offers is high-quality. However, it is best to consult your vet before testing on a pet.

To Conclude

Getting a DNA test for the first time is nerve-wracking. However, being on top of your knowledge game can help calm your nerves.

Be it a court-ordered test or a personal one; you’re less likely to be confused when you know what you’re in for.

So, if you have doubts about someone in the family, go ahead and avail yourself of the abovementioned tests!